function hook_block_info

7.x block.api.php hook_block_info()

Define all blocks provided by the module.

This hook declares to Drupal what blocks are provided by your module and can optionally specify initial block configuration settings.

In hook_block_info(), each block your module provides is given a unique identifier referred to as "delta" (the array key in the return value). Delta values only need to be unique within your module, and they are used in the following ways:

  • Passed into the other block hooks in your module as an argument to identify the block being configured or viewed.
  • Used to construct the default HTML ID of "block-MODULE-DELTA" applied to each block when it is rendered. This ID may then be used for CSS styling or JavaScript programming.
  • Used to define a theming template suggestion of block__MODULE__DELTA, for advanced theming possibilities.
  • Used by other modules to identify your block in hook_block_info_alter() and other alter hooks.

The values of delta can be strings or numbers, but because of the uses above it is preferable to use descriptive strings whenever possible, and only use a numeric identifier if you have to (for instance if your module allows users to create several similar blocks that you identify within your module code with numeric IDs). The maximum length for delta values is 32 bytes.

Return value

An associative array whose keys define the delta for each block and whose values contain the block descriptions. Each block description is itself an associative array, with the following key-value pairs:

  • info: (required) The human-readable administrative name of the block. This is used to identify the block on administration screens, and is not displayed to non-administrative users.
  • cache: (optional) A bitmask describing what kind of caching is appropriate for the block. Drupal provides the following bitmask constants for defining cache granularity:

  • properties: (optional) Array of additional metadata to add to the block. Common properties include:

    • administrative: Boolean that categorizes this block as usable in an administrative context. This might include blocks that help an administrator approve/deny comments, or view recently created user accounts.
  • weight: (optional) Initial value for the ordering weight of this block. Most modules do not provide an initial value, and any value provided can be modified by a user on the block configuration screen.
  • status: (optional) Initial value for block enabled status. (1 = enabled, 0 = disabled). Most modules do not provide an initial value, and any value provided can be modified by a user on the block configuration screen.
  • region: (optional) Initial value for theme region within which this block is set. Most modules do not provide an initial value, and any value provided can be modified by a user on the block configuration screen. Note: If you set a region that isn't available in the currently enabled theme, the block will be disabled.
  • visibility: (optional) Initial value for the visibility flag, which tells how to interpret the 'pages' value. Possible values are:

    Most modules do not provide an initial value for 'visibility' or 'pages', and any value provided can be modified by a user on the block configuration screen.

  • pages: (optional) See 'visibility' above. A string that contains one or more page paths separated by "\n", "\r", or "\r\n" when 'visibility' is set to BLOCK_VISIBILITY_NOTLISTED or BLOCK_VISIBILITY_LISTED (example: "<front>\nnode/1"), or custom PHP code when 'visibility' is set to BLOCK_VISIBILITY_PHP. Paths may use '*' as a wildcard (matching any number of characters); '<front>' designates the site's front page. For BLOCK_VISIBILITY_PHP, the PHP code's return value should be TRUE if the block is to be made visible or FALSE if the block should not be visible.

For a detailed usage example, see block_example.module.

See also





Related topics

17 functions implement hook_block_info()

Note: this list is generated by pattern matching, so it may include some functions that are not actually implementations of this hook.

aggregator_block_info in drupal/modules/aggregator/aggregator.module
Implements hook_block_info().
block_block_info in drupal/modules/block/block.module
Implements hook_block_info().
block_test_block_info in drupal/modules/block/tests/block_test.module
Implements hook_block_info().
blog_block_info in drupal/modules/blog/blog.module
Implements hook_block_info().
book_block_info in drupal/modules/book/book.module
Implements hook_block_info().

... See full list

4 invocations of hook_block_info()
block_admin_configure in drupal/modules/block/
Form constructor for the block configuration form.
block_form_user_profile_form_alter in drupal/modules/block/block.module
Implements hook_form_FORM_ID_alter() for user_profile_form().
dashboard_page_build in drupal/modules/dashboard/dashboard.module
Implements hook_page_build().
_block_rehash in drupal/modules/block/block.module
Updates the 'block' DB table with the blocks currently exported by modules.


drupal/modules/block/block.api.php, line 105
Hooks provided by the Block module.


function hook_block_info() {
  // This example comes from node.module.
  $blocks['syndicate'] = array(
    'info' => t('Syndicate'),
    'cache' => DRUPAL_NO_CACHE,

  $blocks['recent'] = array(
    'info' => t('Recent content'),
    // DRUPAL_CACHE_PER_ROLE will be assumed.

  return $blocks;